Facts and Figures

“11,500 Australians contract food poisoning every day” Food Standards Australian & New Zealand

Campylobacter spp

Certain Campylobacter bacteria cause food poisoning with symptoms of diarrhoea, which can contain blood.  Other symptoms often present are fever, abdominal pain, nausea, headache and muscle pain. The illness usually occurs 2-5 days after ingestion of the contaminated food or water.

Listeria spp

Consumption of as few as one Listeria monocytogenes bacteria can cause pregnant women to miscarry and influenza like illness in others.  Those at the highest risk of contracting the disease include pregnant women, newborns, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems.  Symptoms include fever, muscle aches, and sometimes nausea and diarrhoea.

Salmonella spp

Consumption of 15 to 20 Salmonella bacteria can cause food poisoning with symptoms of nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, fever, and headache in 6-48 hours after consumption.

Escherichia coli

Consumption of as few as 10 pathogenic Escherichia coli bacteria can cause severe food poisoning in children with symptoms of bloody diarrhoea leading to haemolytic uremic syndrome, kidney failure and death.

Sstaphylococcus aureus  

Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning is often caused when a food handler contaminates food products that are served or stored at room- or refrigerator temperature. Common examples of such foods are desserts (especially custards and cream filled- or topped desserts), salads (especially those containing mayonnaise), or baked goods.

Bacillus cereus

Bacillus food poisoning usually occurs because heat-resistant endospores survive cooking or pasteurization and then germinate and multiply when the food is inadequately refrigerated. The symptoms of B. cereus food poisoning are caused by toxins produced in the food during bacterial growth, principally a necrotizing enterotoxin and potent haemolysins.  

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